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Pervious Page  STATISTICS
 
New Zealand's Agricultural Economy
A large proportion (52%) of New Zealand's total land area of 268,021 km2 is devoted to grazing of livestock on pasture, cropping or is fallow. Of these three land uses, grazing livestock occupy the majority of land-use ...LAND USE PIE CHART. There are a little over nine million cattle in New Zealand and some 44 million sheep Table 1). These nine cattle represented 0.69% of the worlds cattle population in 2001 and 1.04% of production of beef. Importantly, New Zealand contributed to 7.5% of the worlds beef trade (on a weight basis) in that same year. The export emphasis is even more pronounced for products from sheep, New Zealand's 44 million sheep contributed 4.2% of the worlds total numbers in 2001, 9% of world sheepmeat production and nearly half (49.7%) of sheepmeat international trade.

Table 1. Agricultural Production in New Zealand.
 
Year ended June
Unit
1999
2000
2001
Butter1,2
tonnes (000)
320
350
391
Cheese1
tonnes (000)
239
297
254
Meat3
tonnes (000)
1,130
1,159
1,209
Wool4
tonnes (000)
185
193
178
Livestock5
 
19996
20007
20018
Total cattle (000)
8,960
9,017R
9,274P
Total sheep (000)
45,956
45,379R
43,987P
 
 

Source: Statistics New Zealand
1. Year ended 31 May. Figures include domestic market production. Source: New Zealand Dairy Board.
2 Includes butter equivalent of anhydrous milkfat and fat mixes.
3 Year ended 30 September. Inspected production. Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
4 Year ended 30 June. Clean wool production. Source: Wool/Pro.
5 Year ended 31 March. Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
6 Year ended 30 June.
7 Source: Statistics New Zealand's Agricultural Production Survey.
8 Source: Estimates provided by the Economic Service.
Symbols used in the table: (R) Revised (P) Provisional

Products derived from livestock grazing on pasture contribute a large proportion to New Zealand's export earning, its total economy and are a large feature of land use. The combined exports, of dairy products, meats and casein-derived products contributed 35% of export earnings (Table 2). With the inclusion of other products such as wool, hides, skin and leather (not shown), the value of livestock production to the New Zealand economy is unquestionable. Across all products, our major export markets are (in order of economic importance: Australia, The United States, Japan, The United Kingdom and The Peoples Republic of Korea.

Table 2: Overseas Merchandise Trade. Source: Statistics New Zealand. View 2001 values from this table as a PIE CHART.

Year ended June 30
1999
2000
2001
Exports by commodity1
$ NZ Million
Milk powder, butter and cheese
3,862
3,975
5,811
Meat and edible offal
2,828
3,376
4,179
Wood and wood articles
1,496
2,018
2,219
Fish, crustaceans and molluscs
1,171
1,223
1,366
Mechanical machinery
1,037
1,125
1,327
Aluminium and articles thereof
958
1,116
1,295
Casein and caseinates
763
803
1,213
All merchandise exports2
22,600
26,027
31,939
Source: Statistics New Zealand
1. Free on board, including re-exports. (The value of goods at New Zealand ports before export.) 2 . Includes commodities not listed.

Table 3. Exports of Agricultural Products from New Zealand for Years Ended 30 June. Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, New Zealand

 
 
1997   
1998   
1999   
2000   
  2001 (p)
   
(NZ$000)1
(NZ$000)1
(NZ$000)1
(NZ$000)1
(NZ$000)1
Live animals
125,365    
139,508    
143,253    
173,972    
150,315    
Beef and Veal
992,300    
1,174,610    
1,087,225    
1,403,011    
1,673,480    
Lamb  
1,302,109    
1,291,727    
1,343,188    
1,528,405    
1,887,330    
Mutton and hogget
200,776    
194,671    
160,542    
168,547    
234,048    
Venison  
136,776    
136,936    
138,036    
157,385    
230,085    
Other meat products
142,630    
137,461    
144,845    
172,949    
225,708    
Total meat and meat products
2,774,592    
2,935,405    
2,873,836    
3,430,296    
4,250,651    
Butter  
917,511    
1,028,820    
990,006    
1,004,306    
1,135,819    
Cheese  
838,438    
897,745    
983,288    
987,160    
1,271,223    
Wholemilk powder
1,049,983    
1,123,748    
1,199,766    
1,269,830    
2,188,948    
Skimmilk and buttermilk powder
623,175    
571,791    
569,069    
591,427    
1,070,671    
Other dairy products
86,286    
100,868    
119,262    
122,293    
144,109    
Total dairy products
3,515,393    
3,722,972    
3,861,392    
3,975,016    
5,810,770    
Greasy wool
239,233    
227,467    
195,574    
225,693    
293,173    
Slipe wool  
78,232    
83,267    
47,566    
50,673    
67,039    
Scoured wool
628,739    
600,444    
497,829    
521,456    
520,135    
Tops and yarns
88,015    
101,034    
104,915    
114,576    
110,196    
Other wool products
6,845    
7,088    
7,506    
13,016    
10,693    
Total wool  
1,041,065    
1,019,300    
853,390    
925,415    
1,001,236    
Casein and caseinates
569,363    
651,659    
762,892    
802,597    
1,213,308    
Deer velvet  
47,882    
22,919    
20,365    
27,709    
28,343    
Crude animal materials
245,634    
256,237    
248,569    
249,192    
252,007    
Animal oils and fats
148,289    
157,511    
156,641    
135,654    
147,995    
Carpets  
76,252    
75,739    
87,109    
99,036    
89,471    
Hides and skins
416,482    
331,413    
271,718    
291,462    
433,592    
Leather  
175,209    
199,269    
198,437    
201,978    
322,239    
Dressed skins
135,388    
118,040    
109,879    
99,500    
127,589    
Other pastoral products n.e.s.
16,922    
21,944    
21,304    
31,864    
65,302    
Total other pastoral exports
1,831,421    
1,834,731    
1,876,913    
1,938,992    
2,679,847    
Total pastoral based exports
9,287,836    
9,651,917    
9,608,784    
10,443,691    
13,892,819    
Total horticultural products
1,325,539    
1,526,845    
1,754,245    
1,709,877    
1,925,381    
Total other agricultural based exports
289,550    
332,039    
343,993    
423,249    
497,359    
Total agricultural based exports
10,902,924    
11,510,801    
11,707,022    
12,576,817    
16,315,559    
Total New Zealand exports
20,405,072    
21,489,502    
21,777,427    
24,771,876    
30,792,826    
Note:
1 Values are NZ$ free on board (f.o.b.) and exclude re-exports. Source: INFOS database, Statistics NZ
(p) The 2001 figures are provisional.
.

Figure 2. Export earnings from beef and lamb from 1997 to 2001. ($ NZ millions FOB). Source: INFOS database, Statistics NZ
(p) The 2001 figures are provisional.

Export earnings from beef and lamb

Figure 3. Export earnings from meat other than beef and lamb from 1997 to 2001. ($ NZ millions FOB). (Note: Venison is classified as Game - but for purposes of illustration is referred to as meat). Source: INFOS database, Statistics NZ
(p) The 2001 figures are provisional.
Export earnings -other meats

Figure 4. Pastoral industry export earnings in 2001. Source: INFOS database, Statistics NZ. The 2001 figures are provisional.
Pastoral industry export earnings

Figure 5. Meat export earnings in 2001. Source: INFOS database, Statistics NZ. The 2001 figures are provisional.

Distribution of meat expotrs by value

Source: Statistics New Zealand, The Economic Service of New Zealand
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